0404P Hakalama Practice Audio

Hakalama Extended Pronunciation Tables and Audio Files

Aloha friends, and welcome to Audio Lesson posting 0404P, which lets you practice the "Hakalama" set of Hawaiian sounds by listening to the audio files provided.

The files you will need are listed below; I advise you to get the PDF first. Then, either download or stream the audio files and then learn the sounds as you listen to the speaker. Say them to yourself and follow along. When you are comfortable with following the examples, try to say the set out loud without the speaker's help. Compare your pronunciation with that of the speaker in the recording. You should even record yourself and compare!


Here are some things to watch out for: (1) the length of the vowels in each word, (2) the ʻokina (glottal-stop) being clearly pronounced, and (3) being sure to keep your vowel sounds very "pure" (that is, not adding any extra vowel sounds or unintentional "glides" between parts of the words). Just try to say them exactly as you hear them in the audio provided and as you see them on the PDF accompanying this lesson.

The value of doing these exercises is that you will immediately be better at pronouncing words in mele (songs and poems), from written documents, and in oli (chant) if you can master the combinations presented in this lesson. That will extend quickly to being able to speak clearly in Hawaiian also later on.

These are by no means all the possible combinations of consonants and vowels in the Hawaiian language; but this set does offer a quick and easy way to practice those combinations which occur frequently in Hawaiian words including place names and people's names.

The traditional Hakalama set of sounds created by the American missionaries in the early 1820s is fairly short. I have added to it a little here for you to be able to practice more combinations of sounds; I call them the "Hakalama Extended Sets". Audio downloads are available to members only.

Hakalama Extended Set Audio Files

PDF File of all Hakalama to print

Listen to the following audio files of Kaliko's "Extended Sets" of Hakalama. (Each may take a few seconds to load after you press play.)

Set A
Set E
Set I
Set O
Set U

Note: if you do not see any audio files above, your browser may be old and/or does not support HTML5 audio. Please use the following links to download and play.

Download Links for Members (right-click to download for offline use)

Hakalama Extended Set Sound Tables

Hakalama Extended Set A
haʻa kaʻa laʻa maʻa naʻa paʻa waʻa aʻa
hae kae lae mae nae pae wae ʻae
haʻe kaʻe laʻe maʻe naʻe paʻe waʻe aʻe
hai kai lai mai nai pai wai ʻai
haʻi kaʻi laʻi maʻi naʻi paʻi waʻi aʻi
hao kao lao mao nao pao wao ʻao
haʻo kaʻo laʻo maʻo naʻo paʻo waʻo aʻo
hau kau lau mau nau pau wau ʻau
haʻu kaʻu laʻu maʻu naʻu paʻu waʻu aʻu
Hakalama Extended Set E
hea kea lea mea nea pea wea ʻea
heʻa keʻa leʻa meʻa neʻa peʻa weʻa eʻa
heʻe keʻe leʻe meʻe neʻe peʻe weʻe eʻe
hei kei lei mei nei pei wei ʻei
heʻi keʻi leʻi meʻi neʻi peʻi weʻi eʻi
heo keo leo meo neo peo weo ʻeo
heʻo keʻo leʻo meʻo neʻo peʻo weʻo eʻo
heu keu leu meu neu peu weu ʻeu
heʻu keʻu leʻu meʻu neʻu peʻu weʻu eʻu
Hakalama Extended Set I
hia kia lia mia nia pia wia ʻia
hiʻa kiʻa liʻa miʻa niʻa piʻa wiʻa iʻa
hie kie lie mie nie pie wie ʻie
hiʻe kiʻe liʻe miʻe niʻe piʻe wiʻe iʻe
hiʻi kiʻi liʻi miʻi niʻi piʻi wiʻi iʻi
hio kio lio mio nio pio wio ʻio
hiʻo kiʻo liʻo miʻo niʻo piʻo wiʻo iʻo
hiu kiu liu miu niu piu wiu ʻiu
hiʻu kiʻu liʻu miʻu niʻu piʻu wiʻu iʻu
Hakalama Extended Set O
hoa koa loa moa noa poa woa ʻoa
hoʻa koʻa loʻa moʻa noʻa poʻa woʻa oʻa
hoe koe loe moe noe poe woe ʻoe
hoʻe koʻe loʻe moʻe noʻe poʻe woʻe oʻe
hoi koi loi moi noi poi woi ʻoi
hoʻi koʻi loʻi moʻi noʻi poʻi woʻi oʻi
hoʻo koʻo loʻo moʻo noʻo poʻo woʻo oʻo
hou kou lou mou nou pou wou ʻou
hoʻu koʻu loʻu moʻu noʻu poʻu woʻu oʻu
Hakalama Extended Set U
hua kua lua mua nua pua wua ʻua
huʻa kuʻa luʻa muʻa nuʻa puʻa wuʻa uʻa
hue kue lue mue nue pue wue ʻue
huʻe kuʻe luʻe muʻe nuʻe puʻe wuʻe uʻe
hui kui lui mui nui pui wui ʻui
huʻi kuʻi luʻi muʻi nuʻi puʻi wuʻi uʻi
huo kuo luo muo nuo puo wuo ʻuo
huʻu kuʻu luʻu muʻu nuʻu puʻu wuʻu uʻu

How To Listen

You can download these files for offline use and play them on your computer (in iTunes for example). Then put them on your own portable devices and listen to them on the go. Or just click the link and stream them right to your device from this webpage if you prefer. Whatever you do, I hope you enjoy these little exercises in pronunciation. They represent the first steps in learning to speak Hawaiian!

Next Steps

Now that you have learned how to pronounce Hawaiian words and practiced the basics by going through all of the material in the 0400 Series, it's time to move on to the 0500 Series with the first lesson, 0501V Spelling Hawaiian Words in Hawaiian.


Two comments on “0404P Hakalama Practice Audio
    • Thank you for the great question, Wilson. Hawaiian is one of the “youngest” (newest) languages in the Austronesian family. The family is over 5000 years old and contains well over a thousand (1000) languages.

      The people of what is today called Taiwan left their islands and spread widely across the Pacific into Polynesia to the East and back towards Africa (Madagascar) in the West. They travelled down from Taiwan and settled in the Philippines, they travelled the coasts of New Guinea, they sailed to the myriad islands of Borneo and Indonesia, and also voyaged into the Pacific and took their language with them to every Polynesian island we know of, including Hawaiʻi of course!

      For any of you that might be interested, there are many words which are either the same or almost the same between these Austronesian languages. If you are in the field of comparative liguistics, studying the Austronesian languages is great fun!

      Here’s an interesting site to read more about this topic. Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: http://language.psy.auckland.ac.nz/austronesian/research.php

      Thank you again for your question!

Pane mai

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