An Introduction to Proper Noun Use In Hawaiian
This video will introduce you to the basics of the iʻoa class of words which are names of places, people, and things, or “proper nouns” in English. The iʻoa will eventually include iʻoahenua, iʻoakuhane, and iʻoapaku. Since this video is just an introduction, we will not delve into any of the precise details of those three types, but rather focus on the general characteristics of most iʻoa and how to use them in both the piko and ʻawe positions in simple sentences, with Pepeke Henua locational sentences as our framework.
To be in sync with this video, you should already know what a kaʻi is (explained in 0601V The Kaʻi Determiners Part I “He” and 0602V The Kaʻi Determiners #2: Ka, Ke) and what a memeʻa is (explained in 0604V Memeʻa Content Words). Also, you should be familiar with both the idea of a Pepeke (introduced in 0800V Pepeke #1: Sentence Parts), and with Pepeke Henua specifically from 0801V Pepeke Henua Locational Sentences #1.
In this 23 minute video, I will explain the iʻoa, where the name came from, and how they are used in the piko and ʻawe positions in the Pepeke Henua sentence pattern. Remember, the Pepeke Henua is perhaps the simplest sentence pattern containing all three parts of the Pepeke, so it’s a great one to become familiar with right away. With it, you can locate anything in time or space.
I thought the video would be short and sweet; but alas, it just turned out to be sweet!
The video I suggest you watch after this one is 0606V ʻAmi Particles #1: i, ma.
Understanding all these common types of words such as the kaʻi, memeʻa, papani, iʻoa, and ʻami is essential for you to grasp how to put short expressions, longer sentences, or even complete songs together for yourself using any vocabulary that you may already know or that you may find in a dictionary or elsewhere.
So make sure you practice your iʻoa a bit now, and then head off and watch 0606V ʻAmi Particles #1: i, ma to learn about ʻami words. After that, you will be ready to get into more sentence patterns in the 0800 Series of lessons.
Those pepeke (sentence patterns) that you will learn in the 0800 Series will allow you to think of Hawaiian sentence structure in Hawaiian terms, and I am looking forward to you being able to make sentences and record yourself speaking and then sending me some of your work when you get a little more advanced!
me ke aloha a me ka hauʻoli
(with compassion, love, and happiness)
- Saying the name “iʻoa”
- Iʻoa are a class of words
- Similar to English “proper nouns”
- Some Examples
- About the name “iʻoa”
- Iʻoa as used in Pepeke Henua locational sentences
- Used in the piko
- Used in the ʻawe
- Next Up
Length: 23 minutes
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