Review of Expressions from Disc Two to Seven

Disc 8, Part 1: Review of Expressions Learned in Chapters 2 through 7

No Hawaiʻi mai – From Hawaiʻi

  • I kēia manawa, e huakaʻi ana kākou – At this time, let us all take a trip
  • I kekahi manawa, e makemake ana nā keiki – At times, the children will want it (the subject “it” is implied, not stated)
  • Aia ke kanaka ma luna o ke kelepona! – The person is on top of the telephone!
  • Aia ma kahi o hoʻokahi miliona kanaka ma Oʻahu – There are about one million people on Oʻahu
  • E ʻōlelo ana ke kanaka, “Ua nani nā pua a pau” – The man was going to say “All of the flowers are beautiful”
  • Ua ʻike kāua i nā mokupuni like ʻole – You and I saw all kinds of different islands
  • E heʻenalu ana ke koa ma laila – The warrior is going to surf there (at the place just mentioned)
  • No laila, aia nā pua ma ka hale küʻai ʻōmaʻomaʻo – So therefore, the flowers are at the green store

No Maui Mai – from Maui

ʻōlelo ka poʻe, “ʻo Maui nō ka ʻoi” – People say “Maui is the best”
I ka wā kahiko, e kaua ana ʻo Kamehameha me nā aliʻi o Maui – In ancient times, Kamehameha was fighting with the chiefs of Maui.
Ua nui ka ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hana maikaʻi – There was much said about the good work
Aia ke kamaʻāina ma ka ʻaoʻao hikina, a aia ka malihini ma ka ʻaoʻao komohana – The resident is on the east side, and the visitor is on the west side
Ua holo ʻo Kimo e like me ka ʻelepani nui ʻāhinahina – Kimo ran like the big grey elephant
Ua kü nā kāne, no ka mea, ua hele mai ka wahine – The men stood up because the lady came walking in

No Oʻahu mai – from Oʻahu

“E Lani” “E ō” “Pehea ʻoe?” – “O Lani” “Yes?” “How are you doing?”
E hele ana au i ka hale mua – I will go to the first house
I hea ka hale küʻai nui loa? – Where is the biggest store?
Aia nō a pau ka hana, a laila, e holoholo koke ana au i Hilo – As soon as the work is finished, then I will quickly go for a ride to Hilo

No Kauaʻi mai – from Kauaʻi

  • Aia kekahi hale nani maoli nō i mua pono o ka uapo – There is a truly beautiful house directly in front of the bridge
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kimo a me Leialoha kekahi i kekahi – Kimo and Leialoha spoke with each other
  • ʻOiai he malihini au, no hea mai ʻo Pele? – Since I am a tourist, where is Pele?
  • Inā ua hele ʻoe i Kauaʻi, inā ua hauʻoli au – If you had gone to Kauaʻi, I would have been happy
  • Inā ua pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻelima, inā ua nui paha ke kālā ma hope mai – If the work had been done before five o’clock,
  • there would have perhaps been a lot of money afterwards.
  • Makemake ʻo ia i kekahi mau pua nani nāna – She wants some beautiful flowers for herself

No Molokaʻi a me Lānaʻi mai – from Molokaʻi and Lānaʻi

  • A hiki i kēia lā, ʻaʻole hauʻoli ʻo Kimo – Until this very day, Kimo is not happy
  • ¡ʻAʻole loa e hele hoʻokahi ke keiki i ka hale küʻai nui! – No way should the child go alone to the big store!
  • E holoholo ana kākou a puni ka mokupuni ma Malaki – We are all going to travel around the island in March
  • E hoʻomaopopo ana nā kānaka a pau i kāna i hana ai – All of the people are going to remember what she did.
  • Ua mālie loa ke kai no kekahi wā, a laila, ua nui hou mai nā nalu – The sea was very calm for a short time, and then the waves got bigger again
  • He aliʻi nui ʻo Kamehameha ma Hawaiʻi i ka wā kahiko, a he nui kona aloha ʻia a hiki i kēia lā – Kamehameha was a great chief of Hawaiʻi in the ancient times, and he is greatly loved even today

Days and Months

The calendar system of the Hawaiian people before contact with the western world was quite different from the system we are used to. But it was not long before the western system had been adopted by the Hawaiians, and that is the system we will learn a little about today. The original system has not been forgotten, however, and it is alive and well in some parts of the Hawaiian community.

The days of the week are based in the Hawaiian concept of the 24 hour cycle we call a “day” starting in the night time. So what we would call a “day” in Sun-day, Mon-day, and so on, translates to “pō”, or “night” in today’s spoken Hawaiian. Each day of the week has a successive number, with monday being night number one, except Sunday alone, which is called “a day of prayer”, Lāpule. Remember, it was the missionaries in the early 1800s that inspired this system. Let’s practice saying the names; e hoʻomākaukau!

  • Pōʻakahi – Monday
  • Pōʻalua – Tuesday
  • Pōʻakolu – Wednesday
  • Pōʻahā – Thursday
  • Pōʻalima – Friday
  • Pōʻaono – Saturday
  • Lāpule – Sunday

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Shall we try a short exercise using the days of the week? A ʻo ʻia! To say “on Monday”, for example, you say “ma ka Poʻakahi”. E unuhi mai – translate into Hawaiian. Hoʻomākaukau!

  • I am going to leave on Saturday – E haʻalele ana au ma ka Poʻaono.
  • Work was finished on Monday – Ua pau ka hana ma ka P1
  • We are all going for a trip on Tuesday – E huakaʻi ana kākou ma ka P2
  • You should look at 1 o’clock on Wednesday – E nānā ʻoe ma ka hola 1, ma ka P3
  • You should do it before Sunday – E hana ʻoe ma mua o ka Lāpule
  • The village will be calm on Sunday at 9 o’clock – E mālie ana ke kauhale ma ka Lāpule, ma ka hola 9
  • The plane will leave on Thursday at 7 o’clock – E lele ana ka mokulele ma ka P4, ma ka hola 7
  • The visitors will speak in Maunaloa on Friday – E ʻōlelo ana nā malihini ma Maunaloa, ma ka P5
  • The children will surf on Saturday, because the waves will be big – E heʻenalu ana nā keiki ma ka P6, no ka mea, e nui ana nā nalu

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Very good, Those sentences are getting a little harder, but this will give you plenty to work on as you progress past the beginner stage of learning Hawaiian. Keep up the good work!

Now let’s turn our attention to the names of the months. These follow the English, so if you say the list to yourself a few times, or better yet, if you make a calendar for your own personal use and label it with the Hawaiian months and days, you’ll be able to practice a lot and you’ll memorize these names in no time. Hoʻomākaukau!

  • Ianuali – January
  • Pepeluali – February
  • Malaki – March
  • ʻApelila – April
  • Mei – May
  • Iune – June
  • ʻIulai – July
  • ʻAukake – August
  • Kepakemapa – September
  • Novemapa – November
  • Kekemapa – December

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Now repeat after me these practice sentences.

  • E hōʻike ana kākou ma nā P3 ma Malaki – We are all going to do shows on Wednesdays in March
  • Ua nui ka lā ma Iulai – There is a lot of sun in July
  • E huakaʻi ana ka ʻohana ma ʻAukake – The family will go for a trip in August
  • E mālie ana ʻo Lānaʻi ma Ianuali – Lānaʻi will be tranquil in January
  • Ua pau ka hana ma ʻApelila – The work was finished in April
  • E kapu ana ke ala ma Nowemapa – The pathway will be taboo (off limits) in November

Do you see how to use the months? The hardest part is not placing them in the sentence, but just memorizing their names and being able to come up with the name in your head when you need to recall it in conversation. So with that in mind, let’s practice for a few minutes using the phrases you just heard. Hoʻomākaukau!

  • E mālie ana ʻo Lānaʻi ma Ianuali – Lānaʻi will be tranquil in January
  • E hōʻike ana kākou ma nā P3 ma Malaki – We are all going to do shows on Wednesdays in March
  • Ua nui ka lā ma Iulai – There is a lot of sun in July
  • Ua pau ka hana ma ʻApelila – The work was finished in April
  • E huakaʻi ana ka ʻohana ma ʻAukake – The family will go for a trip in August
  • E kapu ana ke ala ma Nowemapa – The pathway will be taboo (off limits) in November.

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Disc 7 Track 21 and end music

I kēia manawa, ua pau ke aʻo i nā haʻawina hou ma kēia papahana. E holomua aku ʻoe i kekahi CD a lipine paha, a e hoʻomaopopo ana kākou i nā haʻawina a pau a kākou i hana ai.

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Common Colours In Hawaiian

As in many languages of the world, some of the colour names that we have in English were not present in Hawaiian before recent times. The word for “colour” itself is “waihoʻoluʻu”, which literally means “water-based dye for dipping things into”. Let’s all try it: waihoʻoluʻu [2x]. Many people today like to say “kala”, which is a Hawaiianised version of the English, “colour”.

Here are the names of the colours. Repeat after me. E hoʻomākaukau.

  • ʻulaʻula – red
  • ʻōmaʻomaʻo – green
  • uliuli – blue
  • lenalena – yellow
  • ʻālani – orange
  • poni – purple
  • ʻākala – pink
  • mākuʻe – brown
  • ʻeleʻele – black
  • keʻokeʻo – white
  • ʻāhinahina – grey

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Would you like to try using them in some phrases? I’ll say the English, and you say the Hawaiian. We’ll use the Hawaiian form that you hear in your vocabulary lessons, and add the ʻaʻano descriptive word, the colour, afterwards. For example, I’ll say “A white skirt”, so you’ll respond, “he pāʻū keʻokeʻo”. “He pāʻū” means “a skirt”, and “keʻokeʻo” is the colour. He pāʻū keʻokeʻo – a white skirt.

In each of the exercises, you’ll hear the correct answer after a short pause, so you can check your response. Hoʻomākaukau!

  • a grey cliff – he pali ʻāhinahina
  • a brown animal – he holoholona mākuʻe
  • a blue sea – he kai uliuli
  • a yellow pineapple – he halakahiki lenalena
  • a green mountain – he mauna ʻōmaʻomaʻo
  • a pink flower – he pua ʻākala
  • a red lehua blossom – he lehua ʻulaʻula
  • a purple house – he hale poni
  • an orange fruit – he huaʻai ʻālani
  • a black coffee – he kope ʻeleʻele
  • a white restaurant – he hale ʻāina keʻokeʻo

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Great! Now I imagine you are ready for the next step. I’ll say an English sentence, and you make it Hawaiian. The colour words, since they are just descriptions, come right after the word they describe or modify. E hoʻomākaukau!

  • There is a grey cliff on Molokaʻi – Aia kekahi pali ʻāhinahina ma Molokaʻi
  • A brown animal will run on the ranch – E holo ana kekahi holoholona mākuʻe ma ke kahua pipi
  • There is a blue sea in Hawaiʻi – Aia kekahi kai uliuli ma Hawaiʻi
  • The yellow pineapple was delicious – Ua ʻono ka halakahiki lenalena
  • A green mountain is standing there (at that place) – Aia kekahi pali ʻāhinahina ma Molokaʻi
  • A green mountain is standing there (at that place) – E kū ana kekahi mauna ʻōmaʻomaʻo ma laila
  • I want a pink flower – Makemake au i ka pua ʻākala.
  • I carried a red lehua blossom – Ua hāpai au i kekahi lehua ʻulaʻula
  • There are two purple houses in Honolulu – Aia ʻelua hale poni ma Honolulu
  • The five orange fruits were famous – Ua kaulana nā huaʻai ʻālani ʻelima
  • There is a black coffee at the airport – Aia kekahi kope ʻeleʻele ma ke kahua mokulele
  • There are lots of visitors at the white restaurant – Ua nui nā malihini ma ka hale ʻāina keʻokeʻo

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If you managed to get those exercises mostly correct, you are doing really well! It’s time to start thinking ahead, to get some more supplemental material to study Hawaiian language from when you finish this program. You can always check the website mentioned in the introduction to this Topics Entertainment program for some recommendations.

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Using the word “E” to make a suggestion or command

Sometimes, we want to suggest that somebody should do something, like “Kimo should go to Kauaʻi” or “The work should be finished before 4 o’clock”. To do this, we simply put the suggestive command word “e” before the action part of the sentence. The following are examples:

  • E holoholo ʻo Kimo i Kauaʻi – Kimo should go to Kauaʻi
  • E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻehā – The work should be finished before 4 o’clock

Let’s try to say some sentences. Listen and repeat after me. E hoʻomākaukau!

  • E haʻalele ka mokulele i ka hola ʻelima – the plane should leave at 5 o’clock
  • E holo ka moku i Puʻupehe – the boat should go to Puʻuhepe
  • E maikaʻi ka hana – the work should be good
  • E hauʻoli nā ipo ʻelua – the two sweethearts should be happy
  • E hoʻomākaukau – get ready
  • E hoʻolohe kākou! – we should all listen
  • E hoʻolohe mai ʻoe! – you should listen to me!
  • E wikiwiki ka hana – work should go fast
  • no ka mea – because
  • ua hoihoi kākou – because we are all interested
  • E hele ka malihini i luna o ka pali – the visitor should go to the top of the cliff

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Now, it is your turn to translate into Hawaiian from the English. E hoʻomākaukau!

  • Kealoha should go to Kona – E holoholo ʻo Kealoha i Kona
  • The work should be finished before 4 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻehā
  • The plane should leave at 5 o’clock – E haʻalele ka mokulele i ka hola ʻelima
  • The boat should go to Kaunakakai – E holo ka moku i Kaunakakai
  • The work should be good – E maikaʻi ka hana
  • The two sweethearts should be happy – E hauʻoli nā ipo ʻelua
  • Get ready! E hoʻomākaukau
  • We should all listen – E hoʻolohe kākou!
  • You should listen to me! – E hoʻolohe mai ʻoe!
  • Work should go fast, because we are all interested – E wikiwiki ka hana, no ka mea, ua hoihoi kākou
  • The visitor should go to the top of the cliff – E hele ka malihini i luna o ka pali

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Nā Māhele o ke Kino (Parts of the Body)

Let’s take a short departure from the usual flow of the program and learn the words for parts of the human body. These words were not in the vocabulary list for this section.

The best way to learn this would be to touch the part of your body that you are talking about, but obviously, if you are driving or otherwise occupied, it goes without saying that you should not try to do that. Instead, listen and repeat, and visualise in your mind the places that you are talking about.

The word “koʻu” in each phrase means “my”.

  • koʻu maka – my face
  • koʻu maka – my eye*
  • koʻu mau maka – my eyes
  • koʻu lauoho – my hair
  • koʻu – my nose
  • koʻu lae – my forehead
  • koʻu pepeiao – my ear
  • koʻu mau pepeiao – my ears
  • koʻu waha – my mouth
  • koʻu niho – my tooth
  • koʻu mau niho – my teeth
  • koʻu ʻāʻī – my neck
  • koʻu poʻohiwi – my shoulder
  • koʻu mau poʻohiwi – my shoulders
  • koʻu lima – my arm and hand (but not including the fingers)
  • koʻu mau lima – my arms and hands (not the fingers)
  • koʻu pūlima – my wrist
  • koʻu mau pūlima – my wrists
  • koʻu manamanalima – my finger
  • koʻu mau manamanalima – my fingers
  • koʻu ʻōpū – my stomach (abdomen)
  • koʻu kua – my back
  • koʻu kuamoʻo – my spine
  • koʻu piko – my belly button

*(The word is the same for both “eye” and “face”. The context of the conversation helps the listener to know which one the speaker is talking about)

  • koʻu wāwae – my legs and feet (but not the toes)
  • koʻu mau wāwae – my legs
  • koʻu kuli – my knee
  • koʻu mau kuli – – my knees
  • koʻu manamanawāwae – my toe
  • koʻu mau manamanawāwae – my toes

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You should perhaps draw a picture of a person and label all the parts so that you can properly learn them. Then take a few days or weeks to slowly learn all of the names. When you think you are ready, try the next exercise to see if you have been able to memorize them. Hoʻomākaukau!

  • my face – koʻu maka
  • my eye – koʻu maka
  • my eyes – koʻu mau maka
  • my hair – koʻu lauoho
  • my nose – koʻu ihu
  • my forehead – koʻu lae (make sure you say “lae” and not “lai”)
  • my ear – koʻu pepeiao
  • my ears – koʻu mau pepeiao
  • my mouth – koʻu waha
  • my tooth – koʻu niho
  • my teeth – koʻu mau niho
  • my neck – koʻu ʻāʻī
  • my shoulder – koʻu poʻohiwi
  • my shoulders – koʻu mau poʻohiwi
  • my arm and hand (but not including the fingers) – koʻu lima
  • my arms and hands (not the fingers) – koʻu mau lima
  • my wrist – koʻu pūlima
  • my wrists – koʻu mau pūlima
  • my finger – koʻu manamanalima
  • my fingers – koʻu mau manamanalima
  • my stomach (abdomen) – koʻu ʻōpū
  • my back – koʻu kua
  • my spine – koʻu kuamoʻo
  • my belly button – koʻu piko
  • my legs and feet (but not the toes) – koʻu wāwae
  • my legs – koʻu mau wāwae
  • my knee – koʻu kuli
  • my knees – koʻu mau kuli
  • my toe – koʻu manamanawāwae
  • my toes – – koʻu mau manamanawāwae

So how did you do? Pehea ka hana? Maikaʻi paha?
E hana kākou i kekahi haʻawina i kēia manawa.

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Lānaʻi Vocabulary

As with our section on Molokaʻi, please note that the vocabulary list in this lesson surrounding Lānaʻi goes beyond the words and expressions used in the story.

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Nā ʻōlelo Pōkole, expressions

  • a puni – all around. this goes at the end of a phrase
  • ʻaʻole nō – not indeed
  • mana o ka moʻolelo – version of the story
  • kāna i hana ai – that which he or she did
  • no kekahi wā – for some particular length of time
  • nui kona aloha ʻia – he or she is greatly loved
  • mahalo – thank you

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Nā Kikino, or noun-like words

  • he lānai – a veranda, a porch, a deck
  • he aliʻi kāne – a chief
  • he aliʻi wahine – a chiefess
  • he ipo – a sweetheart
  • he halakahiki – a pineapple
  • he pākēneka – a percentage
  • he hui – a business
  • he hōkele – a hotel
  • he awa – a bay
  • he lūʻau – a cooked taro leaf; also the name of a traditional Hawaiian feast.
  • he muʻumuʻu – a “mother hubbard” style dress. This is often mispronounced “moomoo”.
  • Muʻumuʻu. Literally, it means “cut off”. muʻumuʻu
  • he ʻōpū – a stomach
  • he paniolo – a cowboy. from the word “espaniola”
  • he pāʻū – a somewhat heavy skirt used in dancing hula or, in the old days, for ladies to use when riding horses
  • he puka – a door, a hole that goes completely through something
  • he lua – a hole which has a bottom, like a pot-hole in a road; also, lua means a toilet.
  • ka hope – the final one, the last one
  • ke kiʻekiʻe – the altitude
  • ke keikikāne – the young boy, baby boy

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ʻAʻano, adverbs and adjectives

  • liʻiliʻi – small
  • kaʻawale – separate, not connected
  • hoihoi – very interested in learning about something
  • mau loa – going on forever
  • ʻono – very tasy, as food
  • pupule – somewhat crazy
  • wikiwiki – quickly, fast

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Inoa, proper names

  • Lānaʻi – the island name
  • Lānaʻihale – the mountain name
  • Makakēhau – the name of a chief
  • Puʻupehe – the name of a chiefess and a rock in the sea next to Lānaʻi
  • Manele – a place
  • Koʻele – a place

Nā Hamani a me nā Hehele, action words

  • hana ʻino – to do evil
  • hoʻouna – to send
  • nuku – to scold
  • kanu – to bury
  • hoʻokipa – to invite people to come to something
  • kūkulu – to build. Note the relationship to the word “kū”, to stand.

(Coming up in the next lesson:) Nā Māhele o ke Kino (Parts of the Body)

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Lānaʻi Story

Maikaʻi loa! Ua aʻo nui kākou i ka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi! I kēia manawa, e huakaʻi aku kākou i Lānaʻi, ka mokupuni hope loa o kā kākou huakaʻi.

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Aloha kākou. ʻOiai e holo ana a puni nā moku nui ʻeono o Hawaiʻi nei, ua hiki mai i Lānaʻi, ka mokupuni hope o kā kākou huakaʻi mokupuni.

He liʻiliʻi wale nō kēia mokupuni: 18 mile ka loa, a he 13 mile ka laulā. He 8 mile ke kaʻawale mai Maui mai, a he 9 mai Molokaʻi mai hoʻi. ʻO Lānaʻihale ka inoa o ke kuahiwi nui loa o Lānaʻi, a ma kahi o ka 3,400 kapuaʻi kona kiʻekiʻe.

I ka wā kahiko, ʻaʻole nō i nui nā kānaka e noho ana ma Lānaʻi. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia he nui nā ʻuhane hana ʻino ma laila. Ma hope, hoʻouna ke aliʻi kāne nui o Maui i kāna keikikāne i Lānaʻi no ka nuku ʻana iā ia, a ma hope o ka wā kūpono i ke keikikāne, ua pau nā ʻuhane a pau iā ia. Ma hope mai, noho nā kānaka ma Lānaʻi. Inā hoihoi loa ʻoe e heluhelu i kekahi moʻolelo maikaʻi loa, e kiʻi i kekahi manaʻo ka moʻolelo no Makakēhau a me Puʻupehe, ke aliʻi kāne a me ke aliʻi wahine. He moʻolelo no nā ipo ʻelua e noho ana ma Lānaʻi; he moʻolelo maikaʻi nō hoʻi.

I ka makahiki 1922, ua kūʻai ʻo James Dole i ka mokupuni a pau no hoʻokahi miliona hoʻokahi haneli kaukani kālā. Ua makemake ʻo ia e kanu i nā halakahiki ma laila, a ʻo ia nō kāna i hana ai. I ka wā maikaʻi loa no ke kūʻai halakahiki a Dole, he 65 pākēneka kāna mau halakahiki o nā halakahiki a pau o ka honua nei! Kupaiahana, ʻoiai he mokupuni liʻiliʻi wale nō!

I loko naʻe o ka holopono o nā halakahiki no kekahi wā, ʻaʻole i mau loa mai nō. Ua pau kēlā mau hana, a ua kūʻai ʻo David Murdock i ka mokupuni. Ua mālama ʻo ia i ka inoa ʻo Dole no ka inoa o ka hui hana, akā, hoʻoholo ʻo ia e lilo ka mokupuni i wahi hoʻokipa malihini. Kūkulu ʻia kekahi hōkele i kai, ʻo Manele ka inoa; a laila, kūkulu ʻia kekahi i uka, ʻo Koʻele ka inoa. Aia ʻo Koʻele ma ka 1,500 kapuaʻi, ma kahi o nā keʻena kahiko o ka hui mālama kahua pipi ma mua.

He 3,000 kanaka e noho ana ma ke kauhale ʻo “Lānaʻi City”. Ma laila wale nō nā kānaka e noho ai ma Lānaʻi, a ʻo ka nui o ka poʻe, he hana no ka hui a Murdock. He hoʻokahi kahua mokulele ko ka mokupuni, a he hoʻokahi awa me ka uapo no nā moku mai Maui mai.

He mokupuni liʻiliʻi wale nō ʻo Lānaʻi, akā, he nui kona aloha ʻia.

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Showing Time Using “ma mua” and “ma hope”

Besides indicating a physical location of something, the words “ma mua o” and “ma hope o” can also mean “before” and “after” in the sense of time. For this exercise, let’s imagine that we are in an office, and that the work has to be finished by a certain time. We will combine our knowledge of numbers for this exercise also, so let’s have a quick review of them right now. Hoʻomākaukau:

ʻekahi (1)
ʻelua (2)
ʻekolu (3)
ʻehā (4)
ʻelima (5)
ʻeono (6)
ʻehiku (7)
ʻewalu (8)
ʻeiwa (9)
ʻumi (10)
ʻumikūmākahi (11)
ʻumikūmālua (12)

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To say 1 o’clock, we just put the words “ka hola” before the hour number. For example, “ka hola ʻekahi” – one o’clock. Shall we practice all of the hours quickly? Sure! Hoʻomākaukau!

  • ka hola ʻekahi (1 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻelua (2 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻekolu (3 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻehā (4 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻelima (5 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻeono (6 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻehiku (7 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻewalu (8 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻeiwa (9 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻumi (10 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻumikūmākahi (11 o’clock)
  • ka hola ʻumikūmālua (12 o’clock)

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And finally, here are the directions: I will say something like, “The work should be finished before 1 o’clock” and you will say “E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻekahi”.

Okay. I think we are ready for our day of deadlines at the office! Hoʻomākaukau!

  • The work should be finished before…
  • …1 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻekahi
  • …2 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻelua
  • …3 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻekolu
  • …4 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻehā
  • …5 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻelima
  • …6 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻeono
  • …7 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻehiku
  • …8 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻewalu
  • …9 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻeiwa
  • …10 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻumi
  • …11 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻumikūmākahi
  • …12 o’clock – E pau ka hana ma mua o ka hola ʻumikūmālua

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Now if we change “ma mua o” to “ma hope o” in this sentences, then we would be saying: The work should be finished after the time. Letʻs do a few for practice. Hoʻomākaukau!

  • The work should be finished after two oʻclock. – E pau ka hana ma hope o ka hola ʻelua.
  • The work should be finished after four oʻclock – E pau ka hana ma hope o ka hola ʻehā.
  • The work should be finished after five oʻclock – E pau ka hana ma hope o ka hola ʻelima.
  • The work should be finished after ten oʻclock. – E pau ka hana ma hope o ka hola ʻumi.
  • The work should be finished after twelve oʻclock – E pau ka hana ma hope o ka hola ʻumikūmālua.

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How to say “on top of” and “underneath”; and using them with “aia”

In exactly the same way that we have said “in front of” and “behind”, we can say “on top of” and “beneath” (or “underneath”). The two expressions are “i luna o” and “i lalo o”, or “ma luna o” and “ma lalo o”. Remember, “i” and “ma” are interchangeable in this type of sentence. Say them once each after me: i luna o, i lalo o, ma luna o, ma lalo o. Great! So let’s get straight to the fun stuff. Mākaukau?

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  • Aia ke keiki ma luna o ka waʻa! – the child is on top of the canoe

(in English, we would say, “in the canoe”; but not in Hawaiian. Hawaiian says “on the canoe”. Once more: “aia ke keiki ma luna o ka waʻa”)

  • Aia ka holoholona ma lalo o ke kaʻa! – the animal is under the car!
  • E kōkua ana nā moʻo i nā kānaka ma luna o ka pali – the guardian spirits are going to help the people on top of the cliffs
  • E ʻōlelo ana nā wāhine ma lalo o nā kukui – the women will be speaking under the kukui nut tree

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ʻAe – ua pau! Pau ka haʻawina. That lesson is done. As you can see, it’s essentially the same as in front of and behind. So are you ready to be my translator again? Pretend we’re standing with a group of Hawaiian speaking people who are all your friends, and I come along and say something in your ear, which you have to translate as quickly and accurately as possible. Can you do it? Let’s find out. And don’t worry, the correct answer will come after a short pause, as usual. Hoʻomākaukau! Here we are with your friends…

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  • The child is on top of the canoe – Aia ke keiki ma luna o ka waʻa!
  • The animal is under the car! – Aia ka holoholona ma lalo o ke kaʻa!
  • The guardian spirits are going to help the people on top of the cliffs – E kōkua ana nā moʻo i nā kānaka ma luna o ka pali.
  • The women will be speaking under the kukui-nut tree – E ʻōlelo ana nā wāhine ma lalo o nā kukui.

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Pehea? How did you do? I hope they understood, for both of our sakes! OK. Letʻs move on to the next lesson, which will allow us to use “ma mua o” and “ma hope o”, in front of, and behind, as the time markers “before” and “after”.

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How to Say Something is Somewhere using “aia,” “ma mua,” “ma hope,” “ma,” and “i”.

We have learned a lot of material up to this point, and you have been exposed to many sentence patterns in the stories which you perhaps do not yet understand. But as we progress through the program, you will become more and comfortable first of all listening to spoken Hawaiian, then being able to reproduce the sentences given, and ultimately being able to construct your own! So with that in mind, let’s keep on going.

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To say “The car is in front of the house”, we use a sentence like this: aia ke kaʻa i mua o ka hale. aia / ke kaʻa / i mua o – ka hale. You have already said most of this sentence before with actions at the start of the sentence, but we are just going to use “aia” now, which can be thought to mean “there is”.

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Mākaukau ʻoe no ka hoʻomaka? A ʻo ia! Hoʻomākaukau!

  • Aia ka hale ma Molokaʻi – the house is in Molokaʻi
  • Aia ke kaʻa ma hope o ke kanaka – the car is behind the man
  • Aia ka mokulele i mua o ka hale – the plane is in front of the house
  • Aia ke keiki hauʻoli ma ke kahua pipi – the happy child is at the ranch
  • Aia ka nahele nui ma hope o ka hale kūʻai – the large forest is behind the store
  • Aia ke kālā ma mua pono o ke keiki! – the money is right in front of the child!

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Now are you ready to try translating? Try to break the sentence up into pieces in your head and translate one piece at a time. Remember, there’s no hurry; you can always use your “pause” button! Hoʻomākaukau!

  • the house is in Molokaʻi – Aia ka hale ma Molokaʻi
  • the car is behind the man – Aia ke kaʻa ma hope o ke kanaka
  • the plane is in front of the house – Aia ka mokulele i mua o ka hale
  • the happy child is at the ranch – Aia ke keiki hauʻoli ma ke kahua pipi
  • the large forest is behind the store – Aia ka nahele nui ma hope o ka hale kūʻai
  • the money is right in front of the child! – Aia ke kālā ma mua pono o ke keiki!

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Let’s try again now, but this time, we’ll add some of those fancy expressions we’ve been saying over and over in our vocabulary lessons for each section. Listen carefully for the “building block” pieces of the sentences, and reproduce them in the correct order until they sound “right” to you. Hoʻomākaukau…

  • I kēia manawa – at this time
  • …aia ka hale ma Hilo – the house is in Hilo
  • I kēia manawa, aia ka hale i Hilo
  • At this time, the house is in Hilo
  • No laila – so therefore
  • …aia ka huaʻai ma ka hale kūʻai – the fruit is at the store
  • No laila, aia ka huaʻai ma ka halekūʻai
  • To therefore, the fruit is at the store
  • Aia nā wailele a pau – all of the waterfalls
  • …ma nā pali kiʻekiʻe – on the tall cliffs
  • Aia nā wailele a pau ma nā pali kiʻekiʻe
  • All of the waterfalls are on the tall cliffs
  • Aia nā pua like ʻole – all different kinds of flowers
  • …ma ka nahele o uka loa – in the forests of the highlands
  • Aia nā pua like ʻole ma ka nahele o uka loa
  • All diffrent kinds of flowers are in the forests of the uplands
  • I ka wā kahiko – in the ancient times
  • …aia nā aliʻi ma Maui – the chiefs were on Maui
  • I ka wā kahiko, aia nā aliʻi ma Maui
  • In the ancient times, the chiefs are on Maui
  • Aia ke kapikala ma Honolulu – the Capital is in Honolulu
  • …no ka mea – becuase
  • …aia nā hale aupuni ma laila – the government buildings are there
  • Aia ke kapikala ma Honolulu, no ka mea, aia nā hale aupuni ma laila
  • The Capital is in Honolulu because the government buildings are there
  • ʻAʻole pilikia. – no problem
  • …aia ka hale ola kokoke i ʻaneʻi – the hospital is close by!
  • ʻAʻole pilikia, aia ka hale ola kokoke i ʻaneʻi
  • No problem, the hospital is close by!
  • Aia kekahi hoaaloha ma Kauaʻi – there is another friend on Kauaʻi
  • …no ka mea – becuase
  • …ua hele au i laila a ua noho i laila – I went there and (I) lived there
  • Aia kekahi hoaaloha ma Kauaʻi, no ka mea, ua hele au i laila a ua noho i laila
  • There is another friend on Kauaʻi, because I went there and lived there
  • Aia paha kekahi mau pahu – there are perhaps some drums
  • ma mua o ka hale nui – in front of the large building
  • ma Kaunakakai – in Kaunakakai
  • Aia paha kekahi mau pahu ma mua o ka hale nui ma Kaunakakai
  • There are perhaps some drums in front of the large building in Kaunakakai
  • Aia nō paha kekahi mau kānaka akamai – there are perhaps some intelligent people
  • e kūkulu ana i ka hale kahiko – building ancient-style houses
  • a hiki i kēia lā – right up to these times.
  • Aia nō paha kekahi mau kānaka akamai e kūkulu ana i ka hale kahiko a hiki i kēia lā
  • There are perhaps some intelligent people building ancient-style houses right up to these times.

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Molokaʻi Vocabulary

Please note that the vocabulary list in this lesson goes beyond the words and expressions used in our story. The more vocabulary you can learn, the more you can talk about! As with all of our lessons, you can substitute words of the same kind used in the exercises, right into your own sentences! For example, since we have learned how to say “maikaʻi ka hana”, and “maikaʻi” is an ʻaʻano descriptive word, you could use any ʻaʻano in the same location. Thus, from this vocabulary list, you can say “lōʻihi ka hana”, “work is long,” meaning that work takes a long time to complete.

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Nā ʻōlelo Pōkole, expressions

  • “Molokaʻi nui a Hina” – a saying that means that Molokaʻi is the child of Hina, an akua, or goddess, at the time of the creation of the islands
  • Aia lā hoʻi – there at that place indeed
  • ma waena o – in between
  • ʻē aʻe – other. This is used at the end of phrases and links to the word right before it; for example, nā mokupuni ʻē aʻe – the other islands
  • nō hoʻi kekahi – also used at the end of a phrase, it is a very emphatic “also”; for example, a ua hele nā kāne nō hoʻi kekahi – and the men went also
  • A hiki i kēia mau lā – right up to today, until these days
  • ʻaʻole loa – not at all
  • me ia nō – just the way it is, unchanging
  • hānau a hānai – born and bred, as a place where you were “born and bred”

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Nā Kikino, or noun-like words

  • he akua – a god
  • he mile – a mile. From the English word mile. He mile.
  • he pali – a cliff
  • he wailele – a waterfall
  • he kahua pipi – a ranch
  • he holoholona – an animal, usually four-footed
  • he kāula – a priest of the ancient Hawaiian religion
  • he home – a home. From the English. he home
  • he ala – a road or pathway
  • he haole – a foreigner, a caucasian
  • he imu – an underground oven
  • he ipo – a sweetheart
  • he keiki – a child, a baby
  • he kālā – money. This is from the English word “dollar” – “dālā” – “kālā”
  • he kamaʻāina – a resident, a person familiar with a place
  • ka poʻe – the people (you cannot use the word “poʻe” to mean a person; for that you would have to use “kanaka”, as we have already learned).
  • ka poʻe – people
  • ka loa – the length
  • ka laulā – the width
  • ke kai – the sea
  • ka moana – the open ocean
  • nā nahele – the forests. nā is the plural definite marker, and nahele is forest

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ʻAʻano, adverbs and adjectives

  • lōʻihi – long
  • ʻokoʻa – different
  • piha – full, as a container
  • akamai – clever, smart
  • hauʻoli – happy
  • kapu – sacred, or off-limits. The English word “taboo” comes from the old pronunciation of this wordas “tapu”. kapu lōlō – crazy, stupid

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Inoa, proper names

  • Hina – a goddess in the Hawaiian creation story
  • Wākea – a god in the Hawaiian creation story
  • Kamakou – the name of the high mountain on Molokaʻi’s east end
  • Kahiwa – the waterfall that is one of the longest in the world
  • Lanikāula – the name of a famous priest who lived on Molokaʻi

Here are some more place names on Molokaʻi. Repeat after me

  • Maunaloa, Kaluakoʻi, Moʻomomi, Ka-lae-o-ka-ʻïlio, Kepuhi, Ka-lae-o-ka-lāʻau, Hale o Lono, Kalaupapa, Kaunakakai

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Nā Hamani a me nā Hehele, action words

  • lele – to jump, or fly as an animal; to leap off a cliff
  • aʻoaʻo – to advise someone about something
  • holomua – to progress, as in ability
  • hāpai – to carry; also when a person is pregnant, she is “hāpai”
  • kōkua – to help

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How to Say “In Front Of” and “Behind”

Maikaʻi loa ka hana! Ua pololei paha nā mea a pau? A ʻo ia! E holomua kākou i kēia manawa.

You actually already know these two expressions from listening to the stories. “I mua o” and “i hope o” mean “in front of” and “behind”, respectively. Let’s hear an example of their use:

  • Ua noho ke kanaka i mua o ka hale – the person sat in front of the
  • house. (i mua o ka hale = in front of the house)
  • Ua noho ke kanaka i hope o ka hale – the person sat behind the house (i hope o ka hale = behind the house)

Did you hear the marker “i” right after the subject “kanaka”?

“Ua noho ke kanaka i hope…”

The “i” marker tells the listener to listen for the location of the action which follows: i hope o ka hale. In other words, “i” helps the listener to recognise where the subject of the sentence, ke kanaka, ends. Ua noho (action)/ ke kanaka (subject)/ i hope o ka hale (location).

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It is interesting to note that the word “ma” can be used in place of this “i” marker to indicate a location of something happening. So we can say either “i mua o ka hale” or “ma mua o ka hale”. “I hope o ka hale”, or “ma hope o ka hale”. Since you are not studying linguistics in this program, there is no need for us to work out the reasoning behind the option of “i” or “ma”, but rather to be confident that when we want to indicate a location of an action, we can start that part of the sentence with the marker “i” or “ma”.

Let’s get to some examples. You should just say these over and over to yourself until you become comfortable enough that it feels natural to say these sentences. After a while, if you were to say them incorrectly, they would sound strange. That’s great progress when you know what sounds “right” from “wrong”.

Hoʻomākaukau!

  • Ua pau ka hana i mua o ka hale – the work is finished in front of the house.
  • Ua nui nā huaʻai ma hope o ka hale – there is alot of fruit behind the house.
  • E ʻōlelo ana nā malihini i mua o nā kānaka – the visitors are going to speak in front of the people.

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These next examples will be read a little more slowly so that it gives you a chance to listen to each piece of the phrase.

  • E hoʻolohe ana ʻo Kimo iā Kealoha i mua o ka uapo – Kimo will listen to Kealoha in front of the bridge.
  • E hoʻolohe ana nā kānaka iā Kealoha ma Hilo, ma mua o ka uapo – The people are going to listen to Kealoha in Hilo, in front of the bridge.
  • ʻAʻole pilikia. E holoholo ana kākou ma mua o ka hale kapikala – No problem. We will be riding around the front of the capital building.
  • Ua nui nā kānaka i mua o ka mokulele, no ka mea, e nui ana nā malihini – There were many people in front of the plane, because there were going to be many visitors.

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  • Ua nui nā huaʻai i mua o Kimo – there were many fruits in front of Kimo.
  • Ua nui nā huaʻai i mua o ke kanaka – there were many fruits in front of the person.
  • E ʻoluʻolu ana ka makani ma hope o ke kuahiwi – the wind behind the mountain is going to be comfortable and cool.
  • E ʻoluʻolu ana ka makani ma hope o Kaʻala – the wind behind Kaʻala is going to be cool and comfortable.

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So now that you have practiced saying “i mua o”, “i hope o”, “ma mua o”, and “ma hope o”, you can help me to find my lost friend! Let’s pretend we are on a trip somewhere, and I seem to have lost my friend.

I will ask you “I hea koʻu hoaaloha?” (Where is my friend?) Then I will give you the English version of the response, and you are to translate it into Hawaiian and then tell me the location. You can tell whether to use “i” or “ma” by the way I ask the question. Just listen carefully, and youʻll hear the hint at the start of each question.

After a short delay, during which you should say your translation, I’ll give you the answer so you can check yourself. Makemake e hoʻomaka i ka haʻawina? Hoʻomākaukau!

  • I hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of the house – i mua o ka hale
  • Ma hea koʻu hoaaloha? – behind the house – ma hope o ka hale
  • I hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of the people – i mua o nā kānaka
  • I hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of the bridge – i mua o ka uapo
  • Ma hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in Hilo, in front of the bridge – ma Hilo, ma mua o ka uapo
  • Ma hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of the capital building – ma mua o ka hale kapikala
  • I hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of the plane – i mua o ka mokulele
  • I hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of Kimo – i mua o Kimo
  • I hea koʻu hoaaloha? – in front of person – i mua o ke kanaka
  • Ma hea koʻu hoaaloha? – behind the mountain – ma hope o ke kuahiwi
  • Ma hea koʻu hoaaloha? – behind Kimo – ma hope o Kimo

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Disc 5 Track 22 part 1 00:15 and music

Pehea ka hana? How have you been doing? Maikaʻi paha. I kēia manawa, e holomua kākou i ke aʻo i ka ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi ma ka mokupuni nana ʻo Molokaʻi

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