0502V Hawaiian Number Basics: 1 to 100

Counting From One To A Hundred in Hawaiian

In this 22 minute video, you will learn about the basics of Hawaiian numbers and how to count from 1 to 100. I show you the formulaic pattern that can be used to create any number from 11-99, with only one exception (20)!

Your Goals

Knowing the number base names (1-9) as well as understanding how the number-building pattern repeats itself all the way from 11 to 99 are the two main goals for you as you watch this video. You will want to take notes, so get your pen and paper ready!

Most importantly for this lesson, memorize how the numbers are built, which is what I will teach you in this video. After all, why try to memorize a huge set of 99 individual words like that when you can build them quickly in your head knowing the formula I will teach you? You really only need to learn about 14 words to get from zero to one hundred.

Learn Your Numbers

The first thing to learn is the set of numbers from 1 to 9 which is the first part of this video. (The number zero is ʻole, and you will learn more about ʻole in 0504V Zero and One, Quantity vs. Question.)

Numbers 0 - 9
0 ʻole 1 kahi 2 lua 3 kolu 4 - -
5 lima 6 ono 7 hiku 8 walu 9 iwa 10 ʻumi

I will then take you from 10 to 19 and introduce the "joining" or "glue" sound -kūmā- which allows you to create 11 by saying "10-kūmā-1", 12 by saying "10-kūmā-2", and so on up to "10-kūmā-9".

The only really unusual number is 20: iwakālua (which oddly seems like it should mean something to do with 9 and 2). For further reading, you may be interested in a short article I wrote, 0502E Thoughts on the Number Twenty, about why the number iwakālua seems to be so strange and why we just have to accept it the way it is. You may want to read it after you have finished watching this video, however.

Using iwakālua combined with the joining word -kūmā- that was explained in the video, you can create many many more numbers all the way to 100!

Numbers 20 - 29
20 iwakālua 21 iwakālua-kūmā-kahi
22 iwakālua-kūmā-lua 23 iwakālua-kūmā-kolu
24 iwakālua-kūmā-hā 25 iwakālua-kūmā-lima
26 iwakālua-kūmā-ono 27 iwakālua-kūmā-hiku
28 iwakālua-kūmā-walu 29 iwakālua-kūmā-iwa

To complete the lesson, you should see if you can write out the remaining numbers 30 to 99 which I do not cover explicitly in this video. This is what will allow you to figure out the system by yourselves which is a great way to get the pattern fixed in your minds. Start by learning the prefix kana- which allows you to say 30, 40, 50, and so on to 90.

Numbers 30 - 90
30 kana-kolu 40 kana-hā
50 kana-lima 60 kana-ono
70 kana-hiku 80 kanawalu
90 kana-iwa -

It may seem to you that the numbers are extraordinarily looooong in Hawaiian, especially compared to English. But after you practice saying them for a while, you will find that they appear to get "shorter" and don't take too much of your time to say. I think that word length (or "time to produce") is one of the pressures that push L2 speakers (second-language speakers) to use L1 numbers (those from their first acquired language) over the L2 equivalents. Let's not allow ourselves to fall into that rut and keep on using our L1 numbers just because they seem "easier". Take time with this lesson to really get the sounds of the words into your mind and into your mouth!

Go to the video links at the end of this article to view the video and get going with Hawaiian numbers if you wish to start right away!

Practice, Practice, Practice!

It is important to practice saying the numbers in Hawaiian. You can easily put the numbers to use every day to get them set in your mind

  • count the tiles in the shower
  • read aloud car license plates (number plates)
  • read speed limit signs out loud
  • look through your contacts and say the telephone numbers
  • learn your own phone number(s) by heart!
  • write every number from 0 to 100 to learn the patterns and spelling and train "muscle-memory"
  • clearly pronounce the numbers at first, and then increase your speed later
  • record yourself and be judgemental when you listen back (compare to my examples)
  • create flash cards with the written-out numbers on one side and the figures on the other
  • read Sudoku grids out loud

Let me know in the comments below if you find other great ways to practice. I hope you found this additional material helpful! Now go and watch the video; links are at the bottom of this article.

Next Steps

The next video to watch in this series, if you are interested in learning more about using numbers in Hawaiian, is 0503V Traditional Hawaiian Number Groups in which I share how Hawaiians traditionally used a set of about six words (kāuna, kaʻau, lau, mano, kini, lehu) to group objects easily in the same way that we might use "dozen" and "score" in English. Following that will be a couple more videos focusing on the basics of numbers before we start using them in sentences.

And in case you missed the link earlier, there is an article in this set called 0502E Thoughts on the Number Twenty which might provide an interesting distraction on your path through this 0500 Series of lessons about Hawaiian numbers.

Video Links

This video has been recorded at 1024 by 720 pixels, which is almost HD quality. If you choose to stream the video, please be patient while the video begins to load; this may take up to 30 seconds or so.

aloha nō e nā kini a lehu
Kaliko

Video Outline

  1. Number basic parts 1 to 9
  2. Numbers 10 to 19
  3. More about 10 and 20
  4. Numbers 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90
  5. One Hundred 100!

Video Links for Desktop and Mobile

Video Help

Streaming or Downloading Videos

All videos are in MP4 format except the WebM file and the OGG file (if available). The MP4's should play on all Macs, Windows PCs, iPads, iPhones, and most Android or similar devices. Most up-to-date web browsers on both desktops and mobile devices should be able to play the MP4 files. Just select the small, medium, or large link to match your network connection speed (bandwidth).

Note that you may have to wait up to 30 seconds on a medium speed connection for the video to load enough to play.

If you are using Firefox on Windows, you may find that the MP4 versions do not play. In this case, try playing the WebM file in your browser, or else download it and play it using VLC Player on your PC.

If you wish to download any of the files rather than showing them in your web browser, you should right-click on the links above and select "Save Linked File As..." or whatever similar choice your browser has. You can use QuickTime Player or VLC Player on Macs or Windows PCs to play the files on your desktops and there are many apps which can play videos on tablets such as iPad, including VLC Player for iOS and Android.

More Technical Information and Help for Video Files

Two comments on “0502V Hawaiian Number Basics: 1 to 100
  1. Aloha Kaua

    I learned to count “twenty” as: iwakaulua versus iwakalua
    “Kaulua” equals a “pairing”….. 2 nines iwa =18 + 2 lua = iwakaulua= 20
    Sometimes it is in the hearing and spelling that sounds and meanings of words are misunderstood, misheard and then miswritten.
    My knowledge of hawaiiana is limited but this I understand. I do hope this will shed some light on the long standing mystery concerning the number 20. Pela paha, a’ole paha (maybe, maybe not! Ha!!!
    Aloha Pau’ole
    Elithe Manuha’aipo Kahn

    • E Manuhaʻaipo ē, aloha kāua!

      He nīnau hoihoi nō kāu! Your thoughts on the word for twenty (20) are interesting indeed, and I agree with you that “Sometimes it is in the hearing and spelling that sounds and meanings of words are misunderstood, misheard and then miswritten” as you said. But in the case of this word, I am certain that it has been spoken as “iwakālua” for at least 200 years, since the time of Kamehameha The Great at least.

      I thought the best response to your comment would be via a post that people could easily find. Please go to 0502E Thoughts on the Number Twenty.

      Mahalo no kou mau manaʻo – thank you for your comments and I hope we can chat more about ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi some day!

Pane mai

Send comments about this page to Kumu Kaliko.