Aloha ʻoukou! This is the third in the set of videos about the kaʻi (articles which precede content words such as nouns, verbs, and adjectives). This video is 14 minutes long and will teach you the kaʻi “kekahi” (meaning “a/an” or “another”). There are only two new vocabulary words in this video (ʻae meaning “yes” and ʻaʻole meaning “no”), and there is a fun shopping game at the end to help you remember the use of the word kekahi.
If you have arrived here without first seeing the two preceeding videos, we invite you to go and see 0601V The Kaʻi Determiners #1: He and 0602V The Kaʻi Determiners #2: Ka, Ke before you begin this lesson. It will help to have that foundation set ahead of time.
“Kekahi” means “another” or “the other one”. In the table below are some examples comparing the kaʻi you already know (he, ka, and ke) with kekahi.
|he hale||a house||kekahi hale||another house|
|ke keiki||the child||kekahi keiki||another child|
|ka ʻukulele||the ʻukulele||kekahi ʻukulele||another ʻukulele|
|he puaʻa||a pig||kekahi puaʻa||another pig|
Further Exploration: Kahi
You may be familiar with the Hawaiian Creole English (Hawaiian Pidgin English) use of the word “one” to mean “a” or “an”. For example, “Hō! I spok one nice car ova dea!” (I see a nice car over there) or “Hey brah, she one akamai lede” (Hey friend, she is an intelligent lady). That “one” is straight from the Hawaiian kaʻi “kekahi”, albeit in shortened form. The shortened familiar form is “kahi” and you will both see it written and hear it spoken in casual conversation.
- Hō! ʻIke au i kahi kaʻa miomio ma ʻō!”
- “Hō! I spok one nice car ova dea!”
- “E ke hoa, ʻo ia kahi wahine akamai.”
- “Hey brah, she one akamai lede.”
Below are some quick comparisons of kahi versus kekahi.
|kahi hale||“one house” (a house)||kekahi hale||another house|
|kahi keiki||“one child” (the child)||kekahi keiki||“one udda child” (another child)|
|he puaʻa||a pig||kahi puaʻa||“one pig” (a pig)|
Members should use Grammar Lesson PDF GL0603 to supplement the video.
After you are done watching the video, you will be able to move on to the next one: 0604V Memeʻa Content Words. You will learn about a new class of words which include the equivalents of common nouns, adjectives, and verbs in English. But do not fear: we will not be having any deep English language lessons here, and you don’t even have to know what an adjective is in English to understand the coming lesson! Maikaʻi!
- Review of previous kaʻi lessons
- The new kaʻi “kekahi” meaning a/an or another
- How to use “kekahi” in several situations
- Next Steps
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