The Kaʻi Determiners #3: Kekahi

How to say “Another” in Hawaiian — Video Lesson 0603V


Aloha ʻoukou! This is the third in the set of videos about the kaʻi (articles which precede content words such as nouns, verbs, and adjectives).

Watch The Video Lesson

This video is 14 minutes long and will teach you the kaʻi “kekahi” (meaning “a/an” or “another”). There are only two new vocabulary words in this video (ʻae meaning “yes” and ʻaʻole meaning “no”), and there is a fun shopping game at the end to help you remember the use of the word kekahi.

Level Check

If you have arrived here without first seeing the two preceeding videos, it would be best to see them now. Here are the links:

The Meaning of “Kekahi”

“Kekahi” means “a/an” the first time it is used, and “another” or “the other one” the second time it’s used to refer to the same thing. In the table below are some examples comparing the kaʻi you already know (he, ka, and ke) with kekahi.

Firstmeaningand thenmeaning
he halea housekekahi halea/another house
ke keikithe childkekahi keikia/another child
ka ʻukulelethe ʻukulelekekahi ʻukulelean/another ʻukulele
he puaʻaa pigkekahi puaʻaa/another pig

Why Both “He” and “Kekahi”?

Of course you may be wondering why we would have both “he” and “kekahi” available to mean “a” or “an” in Hawaiian. The reason, in part, is that Hawaiian language generally dislikes the use of “he” inside of pepeke phrases. It’s fine enough to use “he” to start a new sentence or a new pepeke phrase within a sentence, but it’s relatively rare to see it inside a pepeke. Therefore, we use “kekahi” instead, since it has no such restrictions.

You will learn about pepeke phrase patterns in a coming lesson.

Further Exploration: “Kahi” Is Short For “Kekahi”

You may be familiar with the use of the word “one” to mean “a” or “an” in Hawaiian Creole English (also known as Hawaiian Pidgin English). For example, “Hō! I spok one nice car ova dea!” (I see a nice car over there) or “Hey brah, she one akamai lede” (Hey man, she’s an intelligent lady). The word “one” is straight from the Hawaiian kaʻi “kekahi”, albeit in shortened form. The shortened familiar form is “kahi” and you will both see it written and hear it spoken in casual conversation.

Hō! ʻIke au i kahi kaʻa miomio ma ʻō!”
“Hō! I spok one nice car ova dea!”
“E ke hoa, ʻoia kahi wahine akamai.”
“Hey brah, she one akamai lede.”

Below are some quick comparisons of kahi versus kekahi.

Firstmeaningand thenmeaning
kahi hale“one house” (a house)kekahi haleanother house
kahi keiki“one child” (the child)kekahi keiki“one udda child” (another child)
he puaʻaa pigkahi puaʻa“one pig” (a pig)

Extra Resource: Grammar Lesson PDF

There is a three-page grammar lesson and practice worksheet available for this topic. Use the link below to download it.

Grammar Lesson 0603G Download

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Next Steps

After you are done watching the video, you will be able to move on to the next one: 0604V Memeʻa Content Words. You will learn about a new class of words which include the equivalents of common nouns, adjectives, and verbs in English. But do not fear: we will not be having any deep English language lessons here, and you don’t even have to know what an adjective is in English to understand the coming lesson! Maikaʻi!

maikaʻi nō!
(really great!)
– Kaliko

Video Outline

  1. Review of previous kaʻi lessons
  2. The new kaʻi “kekahi” meaning a/an or another
  3. How to use “kekahi” in several situations
  4. Practice
  5. Summary
  6. Next Steps

Length: 14:08

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